Many diseases of the heart and blood vessels make us think that besides observing all the recommendations of the cardiologist regarding the drug treatment, it is necessary to think about drawing up a rational menu. Often, patients believe that a diet with emerging cardiac pathologies is sufficient to observe only a short time. However, this is not so, and in order to prevent possible exacerbations and progression of the disease, one should drastically revise its principles to compile a daily menu.
To make the right menu for people suffering from heart and vascular diseases, you should include in your diet the following foods included in the top 10 most useful and affordable. When they are introduced into the diet should be sure that there are no contraindications to their intake.
Fish of fatty varieties – sardines, salmon, salmon, mackerel, catfish, etc. – contains polyunsaturated fatty acids. And the most beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels is provided by one such as Omega-3. It is not produced in the human body and must come with food. Its beneficial influence is proved by numerous studies of foreign and Russian scientists.
Omega-3 is found in the following types of fish: salmon, mackerel, salmon, smelt, hamsa, tuna, herring, mackerel, sardines,
Cardiologists and family medicine doctors recommend to include in the diet dishes from such fish at least 2 times a week. To such advice of doctors should listen not only to patients with ailments of the cardiovascular system, but also to patients with diabetes mellitus, kidney pathology and endocrine system.
Another available source of useful Omega-3 can be vegetable oils. That’s why people with cardiac diseases should be introduced into the diet such as olive, corn, linseed.
The use of these oils in preparing dishes will help reduce blood pressure and reduce the viscosity of the blood. As a result, the heart and blood vessels will not experience excessive exercise, and the general well-being of the patient will improve.
Cashew, pine nuts, almonds, peanuts, pistachios, walnuts and hazelnuts are sources of magnesium and the diet of patients with heart and vascular disease can be included, in the absence of contraindications to their use. The magnesium contained in them is a natural tranquilizer and an antistress agent. Its use is especially indicated for people who have cardiovascular ailments caused by stressful stresses or whose profession is associated with these factors.
Signs of a lack of magnesium in the body can become such manifestations as insomnia, irritability, flickering points before the eyes, blood pressure jumps, convulsions, headaches, spasms in the stomach, deterioration of the hair and nails.
People with heart and vascular disease should take into account the fact that the need for this element is increased during the heat, diseases accompanied by the release of more volume of urine or conditions that cause increased sweating.
This product contains a large amount of potassium, which is necessary for patients or people whose activities are related to emotional or physical stress. This element is involved in maintaining a balance between tissue and cellular fluids. Due to its influence on the body, myocardial contraction is normalized, heart rhythm and blood pressure stabilize. Potassium provides the removal of excess fluid accumulated in the tissues and helps to eliminate depressive conditions. Also, this element improves the delivery of oxygen to the brain cells and can contribute to the prevention of strokes.
Signs of a lack of potassium in the body are the following signs: a bad appetite, a decrease in muscle strength, cramps, nausea, swelling, indigestion in the form of constipation, a decrease in the volume of excreted urine, weakness, apathy.
In the composition of this cereal there are many useful substances that have a beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels. These include vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B5, B6 and B9), vitamins PP, H and E, potassium, magnesium, zinc, selenium, fluorine and other minerals and trace elements.
In the core of this cereal, there are components that eliminate iron deficiency arising from various cardiovascular diseases, which increase immunity and stabilize the level of “harmful” cholesterol. Buckwheat can be recommended for inclusion in the menu even for those patients who have pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (for example, gastritis, duodenitis, etc.), or overweight.
Nutritionists believe that the main source of coenzyme Q-10 (or ubiquinone) for the human body is beef. It is this substance contained in meat that is the most powerful antioxidant.
Beef is introduced into the diet of patients suffering from heart disease. Coenzyme Q-10 contributes to the normalization of metabolism, helps to produce energy in the cardiomyocytes, helps to eliminate depression, regulates vascular activity and has an additional positive effect on brain cells and other tissues.
Acids, vitamins, bioflavonoids, trace elements, anthocyanins, sugars and pectins contained in the beak have a beneficial effect on the state of the vessels and the heart muscle. They promote the normalization of metabolic reactions, increase immunity, suppress the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.
In the cranberry there are vitamins of group B and ascorbic acid, which strengthen the walls of blood vessels and have a beneficial effect on immunity. Nicotinic acid helps the body absorb vitamin C and enhances its antioxidant properties. Vitamin B1 normalizes the activity of the nervous system, heart and digestive tract. And pantothenic acid helps normalize carbohydrate and fat metabolism. The high content of potassium, the assimilation of which is improved due to the presence of vitamin B6, also strengthens the walls of the capillaries and myocardial tissue.
Sugars contained in cranberries serve as a source of energy to ensure the normal course of various metabolic reactions. Thanks to this, immunity is strengthened, which prevents the development of various tumor and bacterial-inflammatory processes.
The fiber – pectins contained in cranberry – is “water-soluble”. It is able to bind the liquid and harmful components into the jelly-like mass, which is eliminated from the body naturally. Thanks to this, metabolic processes stabilize in the body, the level of “harmful” cholesterol decreases, and the probability of development of arteriosclerosis of the vessels becomes smaller.
The composition of this type of tea includes many useful for the heart and blood vessels of antioxidants and flavonoids. A number of studies conducted in authoritative scientific medical centers have shown that taking 4-5 cups of green tea a day can improve the condition of the vascular walls.
Despite all the useful properties of this favorite drink, it should be remembered that with some diseases its use can be contraindicated. That is why if you intend to use it continuously or for preventive purposes, you should get advice from a specialist.
A number of experiments showed that the substances contained in broccoli, improve the work of the heart and blood vessels. They are able to reduce the damage that occurs when there is insufficient supply of oxygen to the myocardium cells.
In the broccoli contains vitamins B, vitamin A, E, C, U, K and PP. A trace element composition is useful for the heart and vessels of sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, selenium and copper.
When eating broccoli, the human body is saturated with protein, essential amino acids and a compound similar in its properties to endorphins (the “hormone of happiness”). The composition of this vegetable culture includes a small amount of carbohydrates and fats, which means that this product can be used for weight loss, which is shown to many patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Despite the fact that spinach has an absolutely neutral taste, its set of microelements and vitamins allows using it as an effective remedy for anemia. Also in the composition of this green is a lot of substances that are useful for the heart. Antioxidants and polyphenols protect the cells of the vascular system from the influence of harmful radicals, and the low energy value of this food product allows it to be eaten even by people who are overweight.
The composition of spinach includes a lot of potassium, which is also useful for patients with heart and vascular diseases. This element stabilizes blood pressure and normalizes the heart rate.
Contained in spinach, Omega-3 has a beneficial effect on stabilizing the level of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood. Thus, this food reduces the risk of developing or progressing atherosclerosis.
Spinach contains substances that have a mild diuretic effect. That is why this greens can be recommended to patients with cardiovascular ailments, which, due to dysfunction of this and urinary system, there are swelling.