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The problem of excessive consumption of carbonated beverages is relevant, as these drinks are widely advertised on television and in magazines. A person, especially a child, lends itself to the influence of colorful, colorful advertising and with pleasure buys and drinks a pleasant, tasty, invigorating drink that harms his body.
Currently, carbonated beverages can be divided into three large groups:
1. Clean drinking water artificially saturated with carbon dioxide.
2. Mineral water.
3. Sweet carbonated drinks.
In drinking water, carbon dioxide plays the role of preservative and, having a disinfectant, disinfectant, antimicrobial effect, allows long-term storage of water. It is also believed that water with gas bubbles quenches thirst more quickly than still water.
Drink from a medicinal mineral source can not be subjected to any special treatment, so as not to destroy the healthy components. Contained in mineral waters, natural carbon dioxide, due to its antimicrobial action, allows them to remain clean and maintain their medicinal properties despite possible contamination. Also, often carbonation is used to rid the drink of an unpleasant aftertaste.
The main constituent of any carbonated beverage is water. To the quality of water in the production of drinks make special demands. It should be transparent, odorless, the content of chemicals should not be above certain standards.
The second mandatory component of the carbonated beverage is sugar. To prepare the drink, use sugar, sugar-refined sugar or liquid sugar.
An unchanged component of carbonated water for two hundred years remains carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide). It is he who determines the appearance of bubbles in the water. The next component is acids: citric, lactic, tartaric, orthophosphoric, ascorbic, sorbic. They serve as a regulator of acidity, used as a preservative.
The color of the drink is determined by the dyes.
The taste of the drink is determined by the aromatic substances, which, depending on the method of their preparation, are divided into infusions, extracts and essences obtained from plant raw materials from synthetic fragrant agents.
Over the past 40 years, the consumption of carbonated water has increased significantly to the great pleasure of its producers and the displeasure of physicians.
Until now, water and carbon dioxide remain unchanged constituents of carbonated beverages. Water has only positive effect on the human body, because by two-thirds our body consists of water, and for its normal operation, water is simply necessary.
Carbon dioxide is harmless, it is only put into service for better safety of the product. But I must say that a person who suffers from stomach diseases or disorders of the intestinal tract, it is better to abandon the use of soda in general, as carbon dioxide irritates the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. Getting into the human body, gas can change biochemical processes, which will lead to metabolic disorders. There are also cases of individual allergic reactions to carbon dioxide.
A very large amount of sugar in the drinks (sometimes it comes to five spoonfuls per glass) negatively affects the functioning of the pancreas and the endocrine system of man. In addition, this amount of sugar leads to its excess in the body. It can cause such serious health problems as obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis.
Currently, many people who follow the figure, try to drink only carbonated drinks with the emblem of “light”. They contain sugar substitutes, which reduces the amount of calories in the drink. However, they are also harmful. Sugary substitutes xylitol and sorbitol can cause urolithiasis, saccharin and cyclomat are carcinogens (provoke the formation and reproduction of cancer cells), aspartame leads to allergies and decreased vision. This sweetener can cause headaches, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, a strong palpitation, memory impairment.
Acids contained in soda, for example, citric acid (E330), apple (E296), orthophosphoric (E338) with direct contact with the enamel of the teeth destroy its crystal lattice, which contributes to the appearance of caries. Orthophosphoric acid has a better dissolution index than other acids. A liquid containing this acid, promotes rapid washing out of calcium from the bone system. As a result, the bones become brittle and brittle.
Dyes. Most often in sweet carbonated drinks use a dye-Yellow S ‖ -E110. It can cause allergic reactions, rhinitis, bronchial asthma.
All the dyes and flavors contained in the soda are split in the liver. They can be harmless, but still give a load on the liver. Flavors often cause allergies, and taste qualities are inferior to natural juices, extracts, extracts that were used to make beverages earlier. . The preservative sodium benzonate E211, which is part of the soda, can affect human DNA, and interacting with ascorbic acid, emits benzene, which in turn causes cancer. Caffeine, contained in some carbonated beverages (for example, “Pepsi”), causes additional nervous system excitation (where the carbon-acid gas strengthens its effect). It is contraindicated for children up to 12 years. Thirst can be quenched with drinking water, preferably non-carbonated; beverages made from natural products: freshly squeezed juices from fruits, berries, vegetables; tea, decoctions of berries (dog rose, sea buckthorn), compotes.
It should be remembered that “health is an invaluable gift of nature, it is given, alas, not forever, it must be protected”